Answered By: Celita Ávila
Last Updated: Aug 07, 2018     Views: 31

Planet Earth has many hungry people and many of them are small children.

Undernourishment in young children is a serious problem. According to the International Food Policy Research Institute's Global Hunger Index 2017 hidden hunger, also known as micronutrient deficiencies, afflicts more than 2 billion individuals, or one in three people, globally (FAO 2013). Its effects can be devastating, leading to mental impairment, poor health, low productivity, and even death. Its adverse effects on child health and survival are particularly acute, especially within the first 1,000 days of a child’s life, from conception to the age of two, resulting in serious physical and cognitive consequences.. 

In comparison to developing countries the United States has a relatively low rate of hunger and undernourishment, but it is still a problem. According to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Economic Research Service an estimated 12.3 percent of American households were food insecure at least some time during the year in 2016, meaning they lacked access to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. That is essentially unchanged from 12.7 percent in 2015. The prevalence of very low food security also essentially unchanged, at 4.9 percent in 2016 and 5.0 percent in 2015. Characteristics of U.S. households with food-insecure children:  households unable, at some time during the year, to provide adequate, nutritious food for their children due to a lack of money for food.

Households with very low food security among children: Caregivers reported that children were hungry, skipped a meal, or did not eat for a whole day because there was not enough money for food.

For more books on children and hunger or nutrition, search Library's online catalog for these subjects:

  • Children -- Nutrition
  • Children -- Developing countries
  • Nutrition policy -- Developing countries
  • Children -- United States
  • Children -- United States -- Nutrition
  • Nutrition -- United States

For magazine & journal articles on children and hunger use the following or a similar keyword search

  • children
  • children AND nutrition
  • children AND developing countries

in the following databases: Academic OneFileAcademic Search Complete, and MasterFile Premier.

To learn about this children and nutrition in the United States substitute "United States" for "developing countries" in your search.

For articles from a nursing and other health care literature use the same keyword search in the CINAHL database.