Answered By: Celita Ávila
Last Updated: Jul 31, 2018     Views: 20

Hispanic Heritage Month begins on September 15, the anniversary of independence for five Latin American countries—Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico declared its independence on September 16, and Chile on September 18.

The term Hispanic or Latino, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, refers to Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. On the 2010 Census form, people of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin could identify themselves as Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or "another Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin." According to the 2010 Census, 50.5 million people or 16% of the population are of Hispanic or Latino origin. This represents a significant increase from the 2000 Census, which registered the Hispanic population at 35.3 million or 13% of the total U.S. population.

The San Antonio College Library has a great collection of books, articles, and websites, about Hispanic heritage. Check out the links below for helpful information regarding this very important topic.

Reference Books

Latino history and culture : an encyclopedia

Hispanic American religious cultures

Encyclopedia of Hispanic American literature

Icons of Latino America : Latino contributions to American culture

Latino America : a state-by-state encyclopedia

Latinos in the arts

Latino writers and journalists

Latinos in science, math, and professions

Latino athletes

Latinas in the United States : a historical encyclopedia

Additional reference books in the 2nd floor Reference Area of the Library and books you can check out from the 3rd floor Circulating Collection of the Library may be identified in the Library's catalog.

Also, since Banned Books week occurs during Hispanic Heritage month, the library has a starter list of books by Hispanic authors that have either been banned or challenged.


These databases may be used to select articles on just about every topic concerning Hispanic heritage.

U.S History in Context

Biography in Context


Project Muse

Historical Newspapers: New York Times

American Periodicals Series Online, 1740-1900


Hispanic Heritage Month (The Library of Congress)

Hispanic Heritage Month (Fact Monster from Information Please)

National Register of Historic Places Program: National Hispanic Heritage Month

Smithsonian Education - Hispanic Heritage Month

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